What Is Vitiligo? Vitiligo is a condition in which white patches develop on the skin. Vitiligo is caused by a loss of pigment in the skin, due to destruction of pigment-forming cells called melanocytes. The exact cause of the destruction of these cells is not known. One possible explanation might be that the body’s immune
What Is Cervical Dysplasia & Cervical Cancer? Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix, the narrow neck at the lower part of a woman’s uterus, just above the vagina (Figure 1). It connects the uterus to the vagina. Approximately eight out of 10 cervical cancers originate in surface cells lining the cervix (squamous cell carcinomas).
What Is PCOS? PCOS, or polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a common hormonal disorder in women that with interferes with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries, or ovulation. It is the most common cause of infertility among women. PCOS occurs when a woman’s body overproduces sex hormones, called androgens. The hormone imbalance prevents
What are Thyroid Disorders? A deficiency of thyroid hormones can affect virtually all bodily functions as the thyroid gland hormones regulate metabolism in every cell in the body. The two most common thyroid dysfunctions are hypo- and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is the underproduction of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. Hypothyroid disorders may occur as a
What is Schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a sever mental disorder (or group of disorders) characterised by a disintegration of the process of thinking, of contact with reality, and of emotional responsiveness. Delusions and hallucinations (especially of voices) are usual features, and the individual usually feels that their thoughts are being controlled by, or shared with, others. Individuals
What is Spina bifida? Spina bifida is termed a ‘Neural Tube Defect’ (NTD), and is a developmental defect in which the newborn baby has part of the spinal cord and its coverings exposed through a gap in the backbone. The symptoms may include paralysis of the legs, incontinence, and leaning disabilities from the commonly associated
What is Recurrent Miscarriage/ Pregnancy Loss? Recurrent pregnancy loss is a condition distinct from infertility, and is defined as two or more failed pregnancies. A miscarriage is defined as a baby who dies before 20 weeks gestation and/or has a birth weight of less than 400g. Babies who die after 20 weeks are classified as
What is a Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary embolism describes an obstruction of the pulmonary artery, or one of it’s branches, by a clot, usually derived from a thrombosis somewhere in the leg veins. Large embolisms result in acute heart failure or sudden death. Smaller ones can cause death of sections of lung tissue, pleurisy of coughing
What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, degenerative neurological condition that affects a person’s control of their body movements. It is not contagious and is thought to have a genetic aspect. Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are caused by the progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the middle area of the brain. This causes
What is Neuropathy? Neuropathy describes any disease involving the peripheral nerves, usually weakness and numbness. It can either affect a single nerve or many nerves, and the symptoms depend on the distribution of the nerves involved. Research It is known that Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes.