Category Archives for conditions

Diabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes? Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, the bodies of people with type 2 diabetes make insulin. But either their pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin well enough. This is called insulin resistance. When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used […]

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Depression

What is Depression? Depression is a mental state characterised by excessive sadness. It is more than just a low mood – it’s a serious illness that has an impact on both physical and mental health Depression affects how people feel about themselves. They may lose interest in work, hobbies and doing things they normally enjoy. […]

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Congenital Heart defects

What is a Congenital Heart Defect? Congenital heart defect (CHD) or congenital heart anomaly is a defect in the structure of the heart and great vessels which is present at birth. Many types of heart defects exist, most of which either obstruct blood flow in the heart or vessels near it, or cause blood to […]

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Cleft Palate

What is Cleft Lip or Palate? A fissure in the midline  of the palate due to the failure of the two sides to fuse in embryonic development. Only part of the palate may be affected, or the cleft may be extend the full length with bilateral clefts at the front of the mouth. The cleft […]

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Chronic Viral Infection

What are Chronic Viral Infections? Many virus infections are self-limited because host mechanisms eliminate the virus.  Infections with certain viruses, however, often fail to resolve and, as such, become chronic. Such infections can persist for many years, often for the lifetime of the infected individual, and some cause serious progressive disease and early death. Examples […]

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Chronic fatigue syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) (also referred to as myalgic encephalomyelitis), is a disease characterised by extreme fatigue, poor coordination, giddiness, depression and general malaise which can go on for months or years. The cause of CFS has not been fully established, but the condition frequently occurs as a sequel to vial infections such as glandular […]

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Chemical sensitivity

Chemical sensitivity is a chronic medical condition characterised by symptoms that the affected person attributes to low-level chemical exposure. Commonly accused substances include smoke, pesticides, plastics, synthetic fabrics, scented products, petroleum products, and paint fumes. Symptoms are often vague and non-specific and include nausea, fatigue, dizziness and headaches. Symptoms also commonly include inflammation of the […]

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Cardiovascular Disease

What Is Cardiovascular Disease? Heart disease, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and congenital heart disease, is the leading cause of death for men and women in the U.S. Cardiovascular Disease also encompasses high cholesterol, high triglycerides and hypertension. Prevention includes quitting smoking, lowering cholesterol, controlling high blood pressure, maintaining a […]

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Cancer

What Is Cancer? Cancer, also called malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery. Research Leukemia: Ojha and Gurney (2014) studied […]

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Bipolar Disorder

What is Bipolar? Bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness causing repeat episodes of depression, mania, or both. These episodes can be precipitated by upsetting events but are out of proportion to the causes. Bipolar disorder I is the more severe disorder in terms of it’s symptoms – with individuals being more likely to experience […]

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