PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)
What Is PCOS?
PCOS, or polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a common hormonal disorder in women that with interferes with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries, or ovulation. It is the most common cause of infertility among women. PCOS occurs when a woman’s body overproduces sex hormones, called androgens. The hormone imbalance prevents fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries from breaking open and releasing mature eggs. The fluid-filled sacs bunch together, causing many tiny cysts. Symptoms of PCOS include missed periods, abnormal facial and body hair growth, acne, and weight gain. PCOS may run in families.
Research Linking PCOS + MTHFR
Lee & Song (2014) conducted research to explore whether MTHFR C677T polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Analysis of the results showed no correlation between PCOS and the C677T allele.