COMBINED EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON IMMUNE AND NERVOUS RESPONSES
P. BOSCOLO’, M. DI GIOACCHINOI, L. DI GIAMPAOLOI, A. ANTONUCCII and S. DI LUZI02 ‘Occupational Medicine, “G. d ‘Annunzio” University ofChieti and Pescara, 2Dept. ofClinical Sciences and Bio-imaging, INFM (Sect. Aq.), “G. d’Annunzio” University ofChieti-Pescara Italy
In technologically developed countries, there is concern about hazards from electromagnetic fields (EMFs). Several studies have reported that immune and neuroendocrine systems exert an integrated response to EMF exposure. The aim of this review is to summarize the results of studies on the effect of low and high frequency EMF on immune and neuroendocrine systems on which our research group has been working for several years.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) occurs in life and work environments. EMFs produced by geoma- gnetic and atmospheric activities are used by species of insects, birds and reptiles for spatial orientation and mi- gration (I). Anthropogenic EMFs are produced by thera- peutic and diagnostic equipment (e.g. magnetic resonance imaging), wires transporting electricity, electric motors (frequency of 50 or 60 Hz), radiotelevision stations (KHz and MHz), radars and cellular telephones (MHz and GHz) (2).