Pulmonary Embolism

What is a Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary embolism describes an obstruction  of the pulmonary artery, or one of it’s branches, by a clot, usually derived from a thrombosis somewhere in the leg veins. Large embolisms result in acute heart failure or sudden death. Smaller ones can cause death of sections of lung tissue, pleurisy of coughing […]

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Parkinson’s Disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, degenerative neurological condition that affects a person’s control of their body movements. It is not contagious and is thought to have a genetic aspect. Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are caused by the progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the middle area of the brain. This causes […]

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Neuropathy

What is Neuropathy? Neuropathy describes any disease involving the peripheral nerves, usually weakness and numbness. It can either affect a single nerve or many nerves, and the symptoms depend on the distribution of the nerves involved. Research It is known that Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes. […]

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Neural tube defects

Neural tube defects are a group of congenital abnormalities  caused by failure of the neural tube to form normally. For example, in spina bifida the bony arches of the spine, which protect the spinal cord and its coverings, fail to close. More severe defects of fusion of these bones will result in increasingly serious neurological […]

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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

What Is Multiple Scelerosis? Multiple sclerosis or MS is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord, resulting in loss of muscle control, vision, balance, and sensation (such as numbness). With MS, the nerves of the brain and spinal cord are damaged by one’s own immune system. Thus, the condition is called an autoimmune […]

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Infertility

What Is Infertility? Infertility is defined as being unable to conceive after 12 consecutive months of attempting to do so. Male infertility is just as common as female infertility, and can be due to a larger range of hormonal, environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors. Researching Linking Infertility & MTHFR Varicocele is the presence of widened […]

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Erectile Dysfunction

What is Erectile dysfunction? Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or sustain an erection suitable for sexual intercourse. Causes include medications, chronic illnesses, poor blood flow to the penis, drinking too much alcohol, or being too tired. Research The MTHFR genes play important rolls in the metabolism of folate and homocysteine. Mutations in the […]

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Down’s syndrome

What is Down’s Syndrome? Down’s syndrome is a condition resulting from a genetic abnormality in which an extra chromosome is present, giving a total of 47 rather than 46 (at the 21st chromosome). Currently, the strongest risk factor associated with Down Syndrome is maternal age, with the chances of having a child with this syndrome […]

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Diabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes? Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, the bodies of people with type 2 diabetes make insulin. But either their pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin well enough. This is called insulin resistance. When there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used […]

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Depression

What is Depression? Depression is a mental state characterised by excessive sadness. It is more than just a low mood – it’s a serious illness that has an impact on both physical and mental health Depression affects how people feel about themselves. They may lose interest in work, hobbies and doing things they normally enjoy. […]

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